Peru, like all countries that are below the equator line, has reversed the seasons compared to the northern hemisphere. Certainly, the considerable extent of the country from north to south, the conformation and the different altitude determine a remarkable variety of climates. Peru is a destination throughout the year, although in general the best period would be from April to June and from September to November. In December the heat season begins again, in the Andes the climate becomes wetter and the possibility of precipitation is greater, on the coast the weather is sunny and the temperatures are warm, in the Amazon the temperatures are high.
The Desert Coast has two climates: sub-tropical desert (semi-hot and very dry) and tropical desert (hot and very dry). The first includes almost the entire coast from the North (Piura) to the South (Tacna) up to the innermost areas at a maximum altitude of 2000 meters, the annual rainfall is around 150mm and the average annual temperature between 18/19 ° C. The second includes the northern area from Piura to Tumbes up to the innermost areas at a maximum altitude of 1000 meters, very dry and hot with average annual temperatures of 24 ° C and annual rainfall that is around 200mm. In January the weather is sunny and the temperatures are warm.
The Central Andes (Sierra) have four different climates depending on the reference altitude: from 1000 to 3000 meters of altitude we find a humid sub-tropical climate with average annual temperatures of 20 ° C and rainfall of 500mm per year; from 3000 to 4000 meters of altitude we find a humid temperate continental climate with average annual temperatures of 12 ° C and rainfall of 700mm per year where summers are rainy and arid winters; from 4000 to 5000 meters of altitude we find a cool temperate sub-humid continental climate with average annual temperatures of 6 ° C and rainfall of 700mm per year where summers are rainy with overcast skies and cold and dry winters in particular from June to August; above 5000 meters of altitude we find a cold snowy climate with annual average temperatures constantly below 0 ° C and perennial snow.
The Amazon has three different climates depending on the reference altitude: in the areas of Selva Alta a very humid sub-tropical climate predominates with average annual temperatures of 22 ° C and rainfall on 2000mm per year; along the woody buttresses we have a warm temperate humid or tropical mountain climate with a limited temperature range, dry winters and rainfall up to 2000mm per year; in the Amazonian plains the average temperatures are above 25 ° C, the rainfall around at 2000mm per year and there are no intermediate seasons.
On the coast it is the most suitable period to devote yourself to beach life and to the numerous summer “fiestas” … On the mountains and in the valleys it is the rainy season.
Considering the size of the country and the wealth of events, only a few are reported:
- Fiesta de la Purìsima Concepcin
- La Virgen del Carmen de Chincha (El Carmen)
Lima , the capital, is certainly worth a visit for its rich historical, artistic and architectural heritage, and for the choice of its restaurants (not surprisingly, it is considered the gastronomic capital of Latin America)
Sea in Mancora for those seeking relaxation and long walks on pristine beaches, outside the tourist circuits and in contact with a Peru not yet known …
Navigation to the Ballestas Islands where along the way you can admire the Candelabrum and have contact with nature, listen to the sounds of sea lions and observe some Humboldt penguins and sea birds
MAXIMUM MONTHLY STATISTICS:
Maximum temperature: 24 ° C
Minimum temperature: 18 ° C
Precipitation: 0 mm
Maximum temperature: 22 ° C
Minimum temperature: 8 ° C
Precipitation: 4 mm
Maximum temperature: 19 ° C
Minimum temperature: 6 ° C
Precipitation: 123 mm
Maximum temperature: 23 ° C
Minimum temperature: 16 ° C
Precipitation: 0 mm
Maximum temperature: 31 ° C
Minimum temperature: 22 ° C
Precipitation: 301 mm